World War Two Nominal Roll – A Starting Point for Research

Often, the hardest part about conducting research on any particular subject – is knowing where to start. For the novice researcher, the World Wide Web is daunting enough – but the in’s and out’s of Military Record keeping can be both baffling and confusing. Especially if the ‘researcher’ has never even served in the Armed Services of their respective nation.

Every serviceman or servicewoman had a Service Number (colloquially known as a “Serial Number” in the old war films i.e. Name, rank and serial number !!!) So from the very start, the questions are posed – 1. How do I find out what my ancestor’s Service Number was? 2. Is it possible that other soldiers/sailors or airmen had the same Service Number and 3. Once I find out his or her Service Number, what do I do with it to access further information.

Let’s look at finding an Australian veteran of the Second World War.

It is logically assumed that you at least know the name and place of birth of your relative or the ‘Person of Interest’ that you are researching. Or regarding a family tree – the names of their parents or whom their “Next of Kin” would have been. From there, in the case of an Australian serviceman or woman, the first step will be to engage the World Wide Web on any computer that has internet access.

If you simply Google the words WORLD WAR TWO NOMINAL ROLL, it will take you directly to the front page of the World War 2 Nominal Roll. Alternatively, you can click on this link www.ww2roll.gov.au From here, you can make a selection to begin your search. Simply typing in the surname of your ‘Person of Interest’ will bring up the record sought. However, even if your name is not “SMITH” – the list could be a long one, so the first name – or even initials – will be sufficient to cut down the possibilities somewhat. From there, you will find the bare details which should be sufficient enough for you to identify your relative’s details.

In the case of a WW2 Army record, sometimes you will find that the Serviceman has two Service Numbers attached to their name. In the case of my father – Clifford Henry Traynor, his service numbers were NX179966 and N479846. This will be an indicator that your relative had served in both the 2nd AIF (Australian Imperial Force) and the Militia (CMF -also referred to as the AMF) during the Second World War. The “NX” number is his AIF number and will generally take precedence – when using these numbers for research into Military Records. Just in explanation; the “X” in the number distinguished him from the Militia. The first letter refers to the specific state of origin i.e. A number beginning with “SX” meant that the soldier was from South Australia…..VX from Victoria and NX from New South Wales etc.

In the First World War; Service Numbers were allocated to men within their respective Battalions or Regiments. So it is certainly possible that many servicemen shared the same number. By checking the records within the First World War Embarkation Roll (a starting point for searching Australian World War 1 records) this can be confirmed simply by typing in the number 888 – and then hitting search. You will see that the number of men with this as their personal service number is quite staggering. This was NOT the same with Australian Service Numbers during the Second World War. So the likelihood of two men having identical numbers in the World War Two Nominal Roll is virtually nil.

For records of servicemen and women of the United Kingdom, you can start by making inquiries with the following Government Officer:-

Ministry of Defence
Record Office
Bourne Avenue
Hayes
Middlesex UB3 1RF
UNITED KINGDOM

But what you will also find is that other Corps Specific Units (such as the Coldstream Guards for example) maintained their own records. For futher information regarding other units, you will need to contact their Regimental Headquarters.

So with Government authored sites – such as the World War Two Nominal Roll, you are well on the way to filling those “gaps of knowledge” in your Family History. If you need to know more or require some help on which direction to take, please feel free to contact the Administrator of Medals Gone Missing and we will be glad to assist you.

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About gary

Gary Traynor is Administrator of the Militaria based website MEDALSGONEMISSING. The aim of this "NOT FOR PROFIT" website is to reunite families, with lost War Medals and other items of militaria which may have been awarded or issued to their ancestors. What Gary refers to as their "lost heritage". He has been actively involved in the preservation of Militaria and the researching of Military History for well over 29 years. During his travels, he has conducted numerous study trips to Gallipoli, The Western Front, Kokoda and many other major battle sites around the world. He was a member of the Australian Army Reserve (UNSWR & 4/3 RNSWR) and served for 23 years with the New South Wales Police Force. He was also priveleged to have served as a Volunteer Guide at the Australian War Memorial for a number of years. Gary now conducts tours of the Gallipoli Battlefields and the Kokoda Track in New Guinea. He leads the field in his knowledge of the beach head battlefields encompassing Buna, Gona & Sanananda. Medalsgonemissing is a website that will assist you in locating your family's lost war medals and other awards. If you have an ancestor who served in any of the British Commonwealth Armed Services at any time - and whose medals are lost/stolen or simply missing....then so long as the medals are out there - this site will help you to locate them. However the site also contains articles of interest in relation to Military History, War Memorials & Uniforms / kit. Please explore our website as there is sure to be something of interest to you.
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