Stories of “mateship” – during times of war; are universal. It does not matter from which corner of the globe they came from. Whether on the battlefields of Europe, Russia and North Africa, or in the steaming jungles of the Pacific – the tales all have a common thread . But the bond forged between men under fire, can form a friendship that endures the test of time. And for Australian diggers, Bede Tongs M.M. and Owen Baskett of the 3rd Militia Battalion – their friendship has endured for over 67 years.
IMAGE RIGHT: The colour patch of the 3rd Militia Battalion, C.M.F. (Citizens Military Forces) on the Kokoda Track – 5th September to 1st December, 1942.
Bede George TONGS was born on the 27th of June, 1920 at Narrandera in New South Wales. So when he was leading his men as a platoon Sergeant through the jungle of the Kokoda Track – he had only just turned 22 years of age. He had joined the 3rd Militia Battalion C.M.F (Citizens Military Forces) on the 24th of February, 1940. His service number was N43917. When Bede discharged from the AIF nearly six years later, he had transferred to the 2/3rd Battalion (NX126952)…. been commissioned to the rank of Captain, and had been awarded the Military Medal.
IMAGE LEFT: The Military Medal as awarded to Sergeant Bede TONGS during fighting at Templeton’s Crossing.
His mate, Owen James BASKETT was born in the small New South Wales township of Moruya. He too enlisted into the 3rd Militia Battalion and served on the Kokoda Track. With the service number, N268139 he was a young lad of 20 when he faced the seemingly ‘unstoppable’ Japanese war machine in the Owen Stanleys. By this time, the 39th and 53rd Militia Battalions had been worn to breaking point. The AIF 21st Brigade was broken but not beaten…fighting a brutal withdrawal when the 3rd Battalion entered the fray. In a little known fact, the 3rd Militia Battalion would end up the longest serving unit on the Kokoda Track. And if you speak to Owen now, he will tell you squarely “If it wasn’t for Bede, I wouldn’t be here now. He saved my life”.
IMAGE RIGHT: 3rd Battalion Veterans, Owen Baskett (from Moruya) and Bede Tongs M.M. ( from Queanbeyan) share a joke at the Kokoda Reunion Dinner, Parlaiment House – Sydney.
Owen was referring to an action which occurred on the 17th of October, 1942 during fighting at Eora Creek. Modern day trekkers on the Kokoda Track know the general area as “Templeton’s Crossing 2” and it’s beauty in this modern era is a stark contrast to the horrendous fighting which took place here at that time. Their platoon commander, Lieutenant Colin Horbury RICHARDSON (10 platoon) had been hit by gunfire, high on the left side of his chest. Frothy blood emitted from the wound, signifying that he had been hit in a lung and despite being ordered to continue with the attack, Bede decided that their officer should be evacuated before they would proceed. Bede thought that RICHARDSON was dying, but miraculously he would eventually survive and discharged in 1944.
Bede placed his sections two up, with one in reserve and informed his men that they would advance by way of ‘fire and movement’. Owen later said, they had been ordered to “fix bayonets” and he believed that should the order come to attack in the face of whithering fire – surely he and many of his mates would be killed. What is clearly evident – is that Bede Tongs was a ‘risk taker’ with his own life; but not with the lives of his men. Sending his men to ground, Bede himself advanced along a fire lane that had been cut by the Japanese to afford a good field of fire. Crawling down this fire lane – his rifle in his left hand, Bede took the pin from a 4 second grenade (Mills Bomb 36M) and kept his body pressed as close to the ground as he possibly could. The Japanese had left some shrubbery in place which afforded minimal cover. At this time, Bede possibly thanked his good fortune at being a little short in stature.
IMAGE LEFT: The Military Medal, 1939-1945 Star, Pacific Star, 1939-1945 War Medal, 1939-1945 Australia Service Medal, 1945-1975 Australian Service Medal and the Australian Defence Medal; as awarded to Sergeant Bede George TONGS M.M.
The thought had crossed Bede’s mind that “This is a dangerous thing to be doing”. When Bede was to look up, he found himself staring down the barrel of a Japanese light machine gun a short distance away. Bede would state that the two Japanese gunners manning the weapon were committing the cardinal sin of “not watching their front” and were looking off to their left. Being careful not to attract the attention of the Japanese, Bede held his hand grenade close to the ground and carefully released the striker lever so that it sprung into the mud. He allowed for one second to pass before throwing the grenade into the Japanese weapons pit. A second grenade quickly followed, whereupon he forced the rim of his Brodie pattern helmet into the mud to shield his face from the explosions. The Japanese machine guns were always displaced, so that they were supported from the flanks by other guns. These supporting weapons immediately began a concentrated fire towards Bede’s position. Looking up, he saw smoke over the gun position with no signs of activity – and bolted back to his platoon. It was this action which would earn Bede, the Military Medal. It also left no doubt in Owen Baskett’s mind, that Bede had taken great personal risk – to minimise the danger for his platoon.
IMAGE RIGHT: Owen Baskett (left) and Bede Tongs reflect in a sombre moment, during the formalities of the evening at Parliament House. Note the Battalion colours depicted on the 3rd Battalion Association ties worn by Owen and Bede.
Before the fighting at Eora Creekwas over, having suffered with the illness for some time – Owen would finally succumb to the effects of Malaria which required him to be medically evacuated. Bede would push through to Kokoda village, arriving on the 6th of November. When speaking of the Australian flag which had been erected at Kokoda just 3 days before, Bede said “The appearance of the flag is still one of the greatest sights I can picture in my mind”.
Gary Traynor – Administrator of Medals Gone Missing and trek leader for Kokoda Historical had the privilege of escorting veteran Owen Baskett to a reunion dinner at Parliament House in Sydney on the 7th of August, 2009. His platoon sergeant and good mate, Bede Tongs was guest speaker and he was supported by his son, Garry Tongs. Bede held a captive audience spellbound, with his harrowing account of the Kokoda campaign. Bede has written an unpublished account of the deeds performed by the 3rd Militia Battalion – which is currently being edited by his son and this will no doubt do justice to the memory of the men – of this little known Battalion. A battalion which is so often overlooked by some authors. To share a meal at the head table, with veterans:- Bede Tongs and Owen Baskett was truly an honour and one of the highlights of my Kokoda experience. Owen’s daughter Beverly was also present; and I could not help but think how fortunate it was that both herself and Garry were even there…..considering the extreme dangers faced by their fathers on the Kokoda Track and in later campaigns. Both Owen and Bede had narrow escapes during the war. A piece of shrapnel embedding itself in Owen’s leg from a Japanese Mountain Gun whilst at Eora Creek in 1942.
IMAGE LEFT: Owen and Bede sign commemorative prints showing the topography of the Kokoda Track for patrons of the Kokoda Reunion Dinner.
For one night, these two veterans were the centre of attention and admiration for a room full of young people who had walked the Kokoda Track- as modern day trekkers. If fact, the attention bestowed upon them was not unlike that of “rock stars”. And if you were to ask anybody there that night…..it was VERY well deserved. These men do not regard themselves as anything special, but to this generation – they are national treasures. It will truly break my heart when this generation of “mates” is with us, no longer.
IMAGE RIGHT: The 1939-1945 Star, Pacific Star, 1939-1945 War Medal and 1939-1945 Australia Service Medal awarded to Private Owen BASKETT, 3rd Militia Battalion C.M.F. Despite the fact that he later joined the AIF and transferred to the 2/3rd Battalion, both Owen and Bede have always considered the 3rd Militia Battalion to be “their” unit.
IMAGE LEFT: Medals Gone Missing Administrator, Gary Traynor on the Kokoda Track – in 2008 near the memorial dedicated to the 3rd Militia Battalion, A.M.F. This plaque is situated adjacent to Eora Creek, on the opposite side of the river to where the 1942 village was located. This locality is to the north of Templeton’s Crossing, where Bede won his Military Medal. The plaque was laid by Bede and Garry Tongs in the mid 1980’s and is on the south side of the rock itself. As the bridges over this part of Eora Creek are often washed away by flooding, trekkers along this part of the track may need to search along the western river bank to view this memorial.
WISH TO LEARN MORE ABOUT BEDE TONGS & OWEN BASKETT? Trek the Kokoda Track with Kokoda Historical who tell the story of the 3rd Militia Battalion between Ioribaiwa and Kokoda Station; including a 6 man patrol led by Sergeant Tongs M.M. into “No man’s Land” between Kagi and Templeton’s Crossing 2. Simply visit the Kokoda Historical website on www.kokodahistorical.com for further details and trek dates.
Or telephone Kokoda Historical Director David Howell on mobile 0405 007 700
Recommended Reading: Blood and Iron by Lex Macaulay gives a very detailed account to the campaign as experienced by Sergeant Bede Tongs M.M. and the 3rd Militia Battalion.
Bede Tongs conducted the Flag Raising Ceremony of the 3rd Militia Battalion recently at the Jindabyne Memorial. See our story for more details.
I was present at this dinner where Bede gave the address at Parliament House in August 2009. It was, beyond doubt, a memorable and inspiring experience.
An ordinary man with extraordinary powers… to stand and speak without notes and hold an audience of 100 Kokoda trekkers captive for 45mins.
Thanks for the recount.. it’s been lovely to relive the moment.
Thank you Susie for visiting our blog and for your kind feedback. Yes, Bede is a man of whom I have the utmost respect. I have been fortunate to hear him speak on a number of occasions and it is a privelege to be a friend of his. He always has time for trekkers who have walked the track and the men and women like him, who served our country as they did….should be regarded as National Treasures. Yours gratefully, Gary Traynor (Medals Gone Missing Administrator)
My name is James Rowe. I live in Coffs Harbour and myself and my sister are trying to find details and information on my father’s service during the Kokoda and Gona Campaigns.
We have obtained his Service and Casuality forms which are difficult to read and understand as the originals were handwritten in a ledger. Some of the entries we cannot decipher. However we understand that he was conscripted (according to his sister) 1941.
He never, never talked to myself or my sister about the war or his involvement.
His Full Name was James William Rowe. His date of enlistment was 20 – 11- 1941 at Goulburn.
His original service No was N 243623 and according to the copy of the service form I have he departed to New Guinea with 3rd Battalion (which I understand to be a Militia unit) on 17th May 1941. His forms state that he was “DET TO MAROUBRA FORCE”
Entries in the copies of his service and casualty forms show that on 18 – 8 – 1943 he was transferred to the AIF 36th Battalion AIF withe the new service No. NX 155068.
While I have a good background to the Kokoda Campaign I am not sure what battles / campaigns my father was involved in. Some of his service record makes interesting reading including many admissions to hospitals for Malaria and several entries for AWL while in Australia.
If you have any information which you may be able to supply myself and my sister with regarding the activities of the 3rd Battalion and later the 36th Battalion I would be much appreciated.
My sincere thanks
Regards and Every Good Wish
Thank you for making contact. Medals Gone Missing would be most pleased, to offer you and your sister whatever assistance we can. As the 36th also fought in the Beach Heads campaign, I am not surprised that he transferred to a unit like this after having served in New Guinea. You can contact us on mobile 044 9692401 at any time or email us on email:- email@example.com
I assume that you have walked the Kokoda Track yourself? Have you also been up to Gone where your father more than likely served?
Hello James, I will be most pleased to be able to pass on your fathers name to Captain Bede Tongs MM. I will get back to you via the telephone. Yours gratefully, Gary Traynor.
I am interested in finding more information on my father’s service in in New Guinea in 1942.
His name was William Jones, his militia No. N75577 and his AIF No.NX113264. His rank was WO2 and he sailed with the 3rd Battalion for Port Moresby 17 May 1942 on SS Van Heutsz. Any information or contacts would be appreciated. Geoff Jones
Hello there Geoff, I would be very happy to provide you with information regarding the 3rd Infantry Battalion, AMF and put you in contact with other interested parties. Please email me directly at:- firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone 0449692401. Kind regards Gary Traynor (Administrator)
I had the very good fortune to be in the company of Bede and his son Gary at the Christmas BBQ of the Australian Bravery Association in Canberra on 17 December 2011. Bede is still as sharp as a knife, with his memory of dates, times, names and places being simply amazing. He kept us captivated for hours and it was a privilege to have had had the opportunity to have listened to some living history. May he continue to inform people for many years to come.
Hello there Phil. You are absolutely correct about Bede. He is a national treasure and a wealth of knowledge in regards to conditions on the Kokoda Trail during 1942. If you live in Canberra and are interested in the 3rd Battalion on the Kokoda Track (or any other unit for that matter) then please look me up the next time you are at the Australian War Memorial. Any friend of Bede’s is a friend of mine! Kind regards. Gary Traynor. (Administrator)
I have just stumbled upon this blog and I’m overwhelmingly proud of what Bede has done. I feel in some way a little more at ease, my grandfather (Bede’s brother Alfred) passed away when I was only young and I never knew the war they fought. I have not seen Bede in person for many years but it’s amazing to see him so spritely and sharp as a tack! Thank you so much Gary
Thank you Jeremy, I would love to chat with you one day. Any relative of Bede Tongs is a friend of mine. Kind regards Gary Traynor